Harihara Putra Sahasranama with Meaning

The Harihara Putra Sahasranama Namaavali is a very powerful set of verses. Please find below the meaning of each of the nama in the Sahasranama.


The divine song “Harivarasanam” or Hari Haratmaka Ashtakam is sung when the sanctum sanctorum of the Sabarimala Ayyappa temple close for the day at night. The emotions of Ayyappa devotees in Sabarimala are beyond explanation when they hear Harivarsanam rendered in Sanctorium. The whole area will be filled with Sarana Manthra and every devotee feel the presence of Lord Ayyappa in their minds.

The Harivarasanam lyrics were composed in 1950 and written by Kumbakudi Kulathur Iyer. After serving the last meal or Athaza puja or panakam when the temple doors are about to close Kulathur Iyer used to sing Harivarasanam daily to Lord Ayyappa. The Panakam (prepared of the jaggery sirup, dry ginger, cardamom, pepper powder, and cumin-seed mixed) offered to the lord Ayyappa are distributed to the devotees. It is believed that this divine drink is an ideal medicine and health drink that overcome the severe winter cold and resist diseases.

In those days the Melshanti or the main priest used to play the flute while closing the doors of the temple. It is said that in 50s sacred sanctum used to open once in a month. During those times Sri.V R Gopala Menon a devotee from Alapuzha used to stay at Sabarimala. Sri.V R Gopala Menon known by nick name as ‘Sabrimalayile Kudikidappukaran’ used to sing the sweet song Harivarasanam daily. He became a great friend of Sri. Vadakatham Easwaran Namboodiri who was the then melsanthi(chief priest). Gopala Menon used to roam about in forest and one day he died.Hearing the death of this great Ayyappa devotee Sri Easwaran Namboodiri broke his heart and he sang Harivarasanam just before closing the sanctum of lord Ayyappa to pay his tribute to this departed soul.

In 1955 Swami Vimochanananda sang in his beautiful voice and popularized Harivarasanam by travelling throughout the South India.

Today, the Melshanti and the other priests stand on both the sides of Ayyappa idol and recite the Harivarasanam. While it’s been rendered one by one the priests exits the Sanctum Sanctorum without making noise. When the song is sung about halfway, the chief priest or Melshanti puts off each of the lamp in the sanctum sanctorum. As the song ends only the Melshanti will be inside the Sreekovil or Sacred Sanctorium. When the final line is sung, the chief priest closes the door of the Sanctum Sanctorum and locks it.

At present the temple plays the Harivarasanam recital by noted singer and a strong Ayyappa devotee “Ganagandharvan” K.J. Yesudas’. The Music is composed in Madhyamavathi raga by renowned music director G. Devarajan. The composition has 352 letters,108 words in 32 lines (8 stanzas)

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